Approximately 4 in 10 adults over age 25 have hypertension.1
It is also estimated that more than 60% of people over 60 years old and 9 of 10 adults living to 80 years of age will develop hypertension.1,2
No, high blood pressure can affect anyone. Though it is indeed more common in older people, those with a family history, or who are overweight, no one is safe from hypertension. Other risk factors also exist.3-5
It is quite uncommon for hypertension to disappear by itself. In fact, blood pressure tends to get higher with time and the risk of complications also increases. Lifestyle changes recommended by your doctor could help to reduce blood pressure to some extent. However, in the majority of cases, treatment may be needed.6
Although not ‘cured’ as such, it can be managed thanks to today’s therapeutic approaches to blood pressure. However, if treatment is stopped, hypertension usually returns quickly.6
Hypertension is associated with increased risk of stroke and heart attack, and the higher the blood pressure, the higher the risks.
If blood pressure is persistently 140/90 and above, then some form of treatment is required, though at the beginning adjustments to lifestyle, such as exercise or weight loss in case of overweight or obesity, might be sufficient.
However, if the blood pressure is repeatedly over 160/110, drug treatment is usually started immediately. Sustained blood pressures of over 200/120 are considered dangerous and if associated with other issues such as visual trouble or heart failure they require emergency treatment.6
Your general practitioner is the right person to ask about blood pressure.6
Depending on your age, once every 2 years is considered adequate. Still, if you are over 40 years of age, once a year is a safer option. If you have already been diagnosed with abnormal blood pressure, tests should be more frequent, as per your doctor’s recommendations.7
Yes, it is important to do so. High blood pressure can create problems during pregnancy for both you and your baby. Blood pressure can be treated during pregnancy, but only certain drugs can be used. Your doctor will adapt your treatment, with your safety in mind.6